Cream/Gel to Speed Up Tattoo Ink Removal After Laser Treatments
Medical, Biological and other Sciences
- This internship is able to cover project costs for domestic students only.
- The Industry Partner has implemented appropriate preparations to comply with Federal and State Government requirements regarding COVID-19 safety. Due to remote arrangements, this internship is now accepting applications from eligible PhD students nationwide.
ABOUT THE INDUSTRY PARTNER
Lasers have been used to remove tattoo ink from Skin since the 1990’s. The lasers have been refined since then, but the underlying process remains the same. The laser shatters the large “foreign-to-the-body” ink particles into finer particles so the white blood cells can then remove them through the immune system. 7-10 sessions every 8 weeks is generally needed for removal.
Doff&Flux has been removing tattoos since 2012 using the Fotona QX max nanosecond laser and has since added the Sinon II Ruby laser. We have performed more than 20,000 treatments.
Doff&Flux have experimented with different commercially available over the counter creams and compounds to stimulate the immune response to speed up the fade rate and tattoo removal process. They are looking to experiment further with these and other compounds and formulations, to scientifically establish the key parameters which influence the efficacy of laser treatment and the total number of treatments required with a view to reducing the number of sessions and the time required for complete tattoo removal.
WHAT’S IN IT FOR YOU?
- Potential to apply your knowledge and skills in immunology, physiology and biochemistry to a real-world problem.
- Opportunity to gain experience and apply your scientific skills in a growing market of tattoo removal work with an experienced laser tattoo removal practitioner.
- The opportunity to contribute to the development of a product that has the potential to aid so many people with “unwanted” tattoos.
RESEARCH TO BE CONDUCTED
Laser tattoo removal is the safest and most efficient way to remove an unwanted tattoo.
30% of adults in Australia have at least one tattoo. 47% of millennials have a tattoo. Approx. 26% of tattooed people want to remove an unwanted tattoo, and that number is growing.
Tattoo Ink is foreign to the body but cannot be removed by the immune system. It remains in the skin because the ink particles are too big chunky for the white blood cells (immune system) to engulf and remove. Using light and sound energy, the laser treatment shatters the ink particles into smaller, finer bits which the white blood cells can then engulf and take away from the skin surface via the lymphatic system. The tattoo visibly fades as a result. This process can take approximately 6-10weeks.
The client then returns. The energy of the laser is increased to shatter the next layer of ink and then wait another 6-10 weeks to allow the immune system to do its thing and fade further.
This process will be repeated approximately 7-10+ times to remove the tattoo to completion. The average time for tattoo removal from start to finish is about 18 months to 3 years and there is still no guarantee of complete removal.
As a result, many clients lose their motivation and patience, and do not continue.
Doff&Flux would like to produce/research a cream/gel to be used in conjunction with Laser treatments, that hastens the process of tattoo removal. The approach is to somehow “hyper-excite” the immune system / white blood cells to get more cells to the tattoo site more quickly, to fade the tattoo faster or more efficiently.
Doff&Flux have to date, done some research and experimented with some creams and compounds with limited success. They would like to further research the options to somehow fine tune a cream or gel that will aid the laser tattoo removal process.
SKILLS WISH LIST
The project will involve researching and establishing a firm understanding of the laser tattoo removal process and then researching the relevant compounds and procedures necessary to fulfill the project goal.
After the safety of each compound is confirmed, the different compounds will be tested in house with Doff&Flux clients and the results reviewed regularly at each stage of treatment.
A fade scale will have to be created to gauge the effectiveness and efficacy of each compound.
Suitable PhD candidates will require:
- Understanding of immunology, biochemistry and physiology as it applies to the research objectives
- Ability to develop a research plan and document and collate the results for each compound on tattoos of various colours, intensities, ink type, tattooing method, body location and skin type.
- Understanding the immunological and physiological response to laser tattoo removal and leveraging biochemical action and reaction to improve the rate and quality of treatment outcomes.
- To create a cream or gel that can successfully target tattoo ink removal or fade off when using laser tattoo removal treatments.
- To have a commercial ready cream/gel to be available for retail sale.
The intern will receive $3,000 per month of the internship, usually in the form of stipend payments.
It is expected that the intern will primarily undertake this research project during regular business hours and maintain contact with their academic mentor throughout the internship either through face-to-face or phone meetings as appropriate.
The intern and their academic mentor will have the opportunity to negotiate the project’s scope, milestones and timeline during the project planning stage.
CONNECT WITH APR.INTERN